Applications for Random Number Generators
A random number generator is designed to generate numbers in a random and indistinguishable way. There should be no way to identify a pattern in their generation, hence, “random”. For this reason, RNGs are commonly used in software applications where an element of chance is desired.
RNGs are used in a multitude of different applications, including the following processes, actions, and industries.
- Online Gambling
- Finance / Cryptocurrency
- Data Encryption / Cryptography
- Telecommunications Systems
- Stochastic Modeling
- Monte Carlo Simulations
Today, we’re going to talk about a few of these applications and how RNGs make them possible.
The science of computing relies on random numbers in order to function. RNGs are behind all of the unpredictability that is required for modern computing systems to operate as desired. They are the key to things like TCP/IP sequence numbers, TLS nonces, ASLR offsets, password salts, and DNS source port numbers, all of which are important data packets that allow your computer or mobile device to function.
Data Encryption / Cryptography
Cryptography and data encryption are typically based on cryptographic algorithms that use RNGs to generate seeds and keys. These seeds and keys can be used to decrypt information so the more random and difficult to discern, the more secure the information will be.
The ongoing problem with this method, however, is the algorithmic model of seed/key generation. If a hacker or cybercriminal is able to determine the algorithm, the information is no longer safe.
Recently, researchers have theorized a truly random method of data encryption by means of True RNGs with high entropy, rather than the old model of algorithmic RNGS or Pseudo RNGs. In this model, the TRNG used would be data from the visible spectrum or electromagnetic waves to generate extremely random and unpredictable numbers.
In terms of software, new online casinos make use of a platform that imitates the actions of games or dealers in live casinos by means of computer algorithms. These are Pseudo RNGs because they utilize a seed or key that can be used to determine and predict the outcome of the next spin or roll.
While most online casino games are effectively just computer simulations, the use of random number generators in the software does, in fact, mirror real life odds. The way it works is that any time the online casino game software needs to reproduce a random outcome, it communicates with the RNG, which then feeds it into the software.
This works for all kinds of virtual casino games, such as cards being dealt in poker or blackjack, numbers spun in roulette, symbols in view in slot games, and numbers rolled in dice games like craps.
Claim Your Bonus at Punt Casino
Exclusive15 Free Spins on Mariachi Party